Genetic analysis of wild drone congregations of the stingless bee Scaptotrigona mexicana (Hymenoptera: Apidae) reveals a high number of colonies in a natural protected area in Southern Mexico

Daniel Sánchez-Guillén, Rémy Vandame, Frank B. Kraus


In this study, drone congregations of the stingless bee Scaptotrigona mexicana Guérin were genetically analyzed at 5 microsatellite loci to estimate the number of colonies of this species in the La Sepultura Biosphere Reserve, in Chiapas, Mexico. A total of 216 drones from 3 congregations were analyzed. We found that the 3 congregations had enough genetic differences to be considered as coming from different populations. The average number (± SD) of colonies per congregation was 19.8 ± 0.63, 17.6 ± 0.70 and 12. A similar result was reported for areas where stingless
beekeeping occurs. We discuss the implications of our findings in a conservation framework in which stingless beekeeping might play a significant role.

Palabras clave

Meliponine; Microsatellite markers; Males; DNA

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Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, Año 3, No. 12, enero-marzo 2014, es una publicación trimestral editada por la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegación Coyoacán, C.P. 04510, Ciudad de México, a través del Instituto de Biología, Tercer Circuito Universitario s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Col. Copilco, Del. Coyoacán, C.P. 04510, Ciudad de México, Tel. (55)56229164,, responsable: Dr. Fernando Álvarez Noguera. Reserva de Derechos al uso Exclusivo No. 04-2013-092709142100-203, ISSN: 2007-8706, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor, Responsable de la última actualización de este número, Instituto de Biología, UNAM, Dr. Fernando Álvarez Noguera, Tercer Circuito Universitario s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Col. Copilco, Del. Coyoacán, C.P. 04510, Ciudad de México, fecha de la última modificación: 25 de agosto de 2016.

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